1 vue生命周期简介

image.png

image.png

2 生命周期探究

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8" />
<title>vue</title>
</head>
<body>
<div id="app">{{message}}</div>
</body>
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/vue"></script>
<script>
var app = new Vue({
el: '#app',
data: {
message: "hello is world"
},
beforeCreate() {
console.group('beforeCreate 创建前状态===============》');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "el : " + this.$el); //undefined
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "data : " + this.$data); //undefined
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "message: " + this.message)
},
created() {
console.group('created 创建完毕状态===============》');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "el : " + this.$el); //undefined
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "data : " + this.$data); //已被初始化
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "message: " + this.message); //已被初始化
},
beforeMount() {
console.group('beforeMount 挂载前状态===============》');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "el : " + (this.$el)); //已被初始化
console.log(this.$el);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "data : " + this.$data); //已被初始化
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "message: " + this.message); //已被初始化
},
mounted() {
console.group('mounted 挂载结束状态===============》');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "el : " + this.$el); //已被初始化
console.log(this.$el);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "data : " + this.$data); //已被初始化
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "message: " + this.message); //已被初始化
},
beforeUpdate() {
console.group('beforeUpdate 更新前状态===============》');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "el : " + this.$el);
console.log(this.$el);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "data : " + this.$data);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "message: " + this.message);
},
updated() {
console.group('updated 更新完成状态===============》');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "el : " + this.$el);
console.log(this.$el);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "data : " + this.$data);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "message: " + this.message);
},
beforeDestroy() {
console.group('beforeDestroy 销毁前状态===============》');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "el : " + this.$el);
console.log(this.$el);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "data : " + this.$data);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "message: " + this.message);
},
destroyed() {
console.group('destroyed 销毁完成状态===============》');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "el : " + this.$el);
console.log(this.$el);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "data : " + this.$data);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red", "message: " + this.message)
}
})
</script>
</html>

chrome浏览器里打开,F12console就能发现

image.png

3 beforecreated

el 和 data 并未初始化

4 created

完成了 data 数据的初始化,el没有

5 beforeMount

完成了 el 和 data 初始化

6 mounted

完成挂载

7 update

在console控制台中输入

1
app.message= 'hello!!';

image.png

8 destroy

我们在console里执行下命令对 vue实例进行销毁。销毁完成后,我们再重新改变message的值,vue不再对此动作进行响应了。但是原先生成的dom元素还存在,可以这么理解,执行了destroy操作,后续就不再受vue控制了。

1
app.$destroy();

image.png

9 生命周期总结

9.1 beforecreate

可以在这加个loading事件,加载的动画

9.2 created

在这结束loading,还做一些初始化,实现函数自执行

9.3 mounted

在这发起后端请求,拿回数据,配合路由钩子做一些事情

9.4 beforeDestroy

你确认删除XX吗? destroyed :当前组件已被删除,清空相关内容